Varanus salvator

 

Names

Varanus salvator

Pictures

Distribution and habitat

Body characteristics

Sex

Enclosure

 

Distribution map

 

Diet

Breeding

Remarks

 

Names:

Latin name:

  • Varanus salvator.

Subspecies:

  • salvator andamanensis (Dereniyagala - 1944).
  • salvator bivittatus (Kuhl - 1820).
  • salvator cumingi (Martin - 1838).
  • salvator marmoratus (Wiegmann - 1834).
  • salvator nuchalis (Günther - 1872).
  • salvator salvator (Laurenti - 1768).
  • salvator togianus (Peters - 1872).

Subgenus:

  • Soterosaurus.

English name:

  • Water monitor

Cites:

  • II

Distribution and habitat:


Distribution:

  • The greatest part of South East Asia, in New Guinea and many surrounding islands.
    F.e. China,
    Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Maleisia, Borneo, the Philippines, Indonesia and many surrounding islands like Burma, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India, ....... )

Habitat:

  • Tropical and subtropical.

Surroundings:

  •  

Body characteristics:

Length:

  • salvator andamanensis  - 
  • salvator bivittatus          - 
  • salvator cumingi            - 150 cm
  • salvator marmoratus     - 200 cm
  • salvator nuchalis           - 130 cm
  • salvator salvator           - 
  • salvator togianus          --->

Pattern and color:

  •  

Sex:

Sex determination:

  • Hard to distinguish like in most varanid species; It seems like only experienced Monitor Lizard keepers can determine (guess) the sex. The only 100% guarantee for a male is showing the hemipenis externally.  In the other case laying eggs seems to be the only 100% guarantee for an animal of the female sex.  

Enclosure:

Enclosure size:

  • Advised: 6 m² per adult.

Animals per enclosure:

  • These animals are preferably kept solitarily. Their toleration level towards each other isn't that high in smaller enclosures.

Temperature:

  • daytime:
    • average: 20º - 25º Celsius.
    • basking: 32º - 38º Celsius.
  • night: minimum 15º Celsius.

Diet:

  • Rodents, crabs, fish, birds, insects.

Breeding:

Clutch size:

  • clutches up to 20 eggs. They are able to lay more than 1 clutch a year.

Incubation temperature:

  • 28º - 32º Celsius.

Incubation length:

  • 180 - 327 days.

Remarks:

  • This species has by far the greatest range of all monitor lizards. Also the most subspecies have been described within this species. It is suspected that even more subspecies within this species will be described in the future.


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